Thailand is one of the leading cultural and economic centers in Southeast Asia. Thailand has an area of 510,000 kilometers or about the size of France. To the west and north, Thailand is bordered by Myanmar, to the northeast by Laos, to the east by Cambodia, and to the south by Malaysia (Map).
Thailand is also known as Sukothai. At first it was known as the religious Buddhist region and the region was divided into several kingdoms such as Lanna, Lan Chang, and Sukhothai. There is no doubt that modern Thailand emerged from a complex geographical-political origin with Bangkok as the capital and King Rama, the great, first created Chakri dynasty. During this period Thai history was given the name Early Modernity or Enlightenment by some historians.
History of Thailand
Bronze Age culture is thought to have started 5600 years ago in Thailand (Siam). Later, various immigrants came, including the Mon, Khmer and Thai tribes. One of the great kingdoms based in Palembang, Sriwijaya, once ruled the state, and many of its relics are still in Thailand . In fact, handicrafts in Palembang and Thailand are very similar.
In the early 1200s, the Thais established small kingdoms in Lanna, Phayao and Sukhotai. In 1238, a fully independent Thai kingdom was established in Sukhothai (‘Dawn of Happiness’). In 1300, Sukhothai was ruled by the Ayutthaya kingdom, until it was finally captured by the Burmese in 1767. The fall of Ayutthaya was a major blow to the Thais, but soon King Taksin succeeded in driving out the Burmese and establishing his capital at Thon Buri. In 1782 the first King of the Chakri Dynasty who reigns to this day established a new capital in Bangkok.
King Mongkut (Rama IV) and his son, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), are highly respected for saving Thailand from western colonialism. Currently, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy, and is now led by H.E. King Bhumibol Adulyadej.